Performing a wide variety of operations, Kaohsiung Customs has the following unique features as compared with other Customs regions:
(1) Jurisdiction covering both a harbor and an international airport:
The volumes of cargoes and air passengers passing through Kaohsiung Customs have been increasing constantly over the past few decades. With 118 wharves (including 26 container wharves) operating, Kaohsiung harbor accounts for about two thirds of cargoes imported into or exported from Kaohsiung. It is also one of the world’s busiest container ports.
(2) Interdiction of smuggling as an important task:
Being one of the major transportation centers in the West Pacific area, as well as located in the vicinity of Hong Kong and the Philippines, Taiwan is always threatened by rampant smuggling activities. Therefore, interdiction of smuggling activities, especially those by fishing boats or crafts which take advantage of the smooth beaches along the south west coast and numerous estuaries, becomes one of Kaohsiung Customs’ main tasks.
(3) Heavy workload, relatively less duty revenue:
Kaohsiung region is famous for a wide range of heavy industries. It is the center of the island’s steel making, shipbuilding, machinery, oil refining and related downstream industries. In addition, there are two export processing zones in Kaohsiung. Hence, most of the goods imported through Kaohsiung Customs are raw materials, machinery and daily supplies, on which import duties levied are relatively lower or none at all. As a result, the total quantity of goods imported via Kaohsiung Customs is large while the duty revenue collected is relatively lower than that by Keelung Customs.
(4) Complete with various kinds of customs operations:
Kaohsiung Customs officers perform a wide variety of mission, including clearances of sea and air cargoes, postal parcels, inspections at the port area and open sea, bonded operations at export processing zones, science-based industrial parks, the agricultural biotechnology park, free trade zones, bonded factories, etc.
(5) Independent clearing units at different parts of the harbor:
In order to cope with ever-expanding facilities of Kaohsiung harbor, and to prevent people from traveling a long distance for clearance of goods, Kaohsiung Customs has divided the jurisdiction into four areas. Clearance Division I, Clearance Division II, Xiaogang Branch and Qijin Branch are responsible for clearance operations respectively.